Universal and Targeted

Publications and Research

The 2011 Yearbook examines the 2010-2011 school year as well as documenting a decade of progress since the first Yearbook collected data on the 2001-2002 school year. Twenty-eight percent of America’s 4-year-olds were enrolled in a state-funded preschool program in the 2010-2011 school year even as per child funding was cut, stressing the importance of ensuring quality in existing programs and expanding access to all children. 

This article compares the current targeted approach to preschool education with a universal approach that would increase access and quality.

This working paper from the Upjohn Institute's Timothy J. Bartik looks at the effects of early childhood programs and business incentives on income distribution.

At the request of President-elect Obama’s transition team, this NIEER policy brief provides guidance on federal investments in preschool and child care for the sake of America’s children.

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