Outcomes

Publications and Research

Senior Economist Timothy J. Bartik examines the effects on earnings of early childhood programs in this working paper from the Upjohn Institute.

This working paper from the Upjohn Institute's Timothy J. Bartik looks at the effects of early childhood programs and business incentives on income distribution.

An ongoing study of New Jersey’s pre-K program finds that attending the program reduces grade retention and improves language, literacy and math skills.

Presentation by NIEER Research Professor Shannon Ayers and Co-director Ellen Frede on the Early Learning Scale and the importance of learning through play.

This article describes a study that examined whether indicators of socioeconomic status and parenting stress could distinguish maltreating from nonmaltreating families.

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